Section IV: Sources and Resources
SECTION IV: SOURCES AND RESOURCES
Compiled by Debra Clarke
The following is a partial list of works in the general area of
"Women and Media."
Alliance of Canadian Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA)
1986 Gender Portrayal in CTV Network News and Information
Programming. Erin, Ontario: Erin Research.
1973 "Sexual politics: chauvinism and backlash?"
Communication Quarterly 21 (Fall): 11-16.
1985 Watching DALLAS: Soap Opera and the Melodramatic
Imagination. London: Methuen.
1992 Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation
of Popular Myth. Philadelphia: University of
1980 "The liberated woman in television drama." Women's
Studies International Quarterly 3: 29-39.
Baehr, Helen and Gillian Dyer, eds.
1987 Boxed In: Women and Television. London: Pandora Press.
Barbatsis, Gretchen S., Martin R. Wong and Gregory M. Herek
1983 "A struggle for dominance: Relational communication
patterns in television drama." Communication Quarterly
1991 "Is pornography criminogenic? The career of a moral
problem," pp. 322-343 in Communications in Canadian
Society (third edition), Benjamin D. Singer, ed.
Scarborough, Ontario: Nelson Canada.
1991 "Feminist cultural politics: Women in community radio
in Canada." Resources for Feminist Research 20: 1 & 2
(Spring/Summer): 36-41. (special issue re
Bretl, D.J. and J. Cantor
1988 "The portrayal of men and women in U.S. television
commercials: A recent content analysis and trends over
fifteen years." Sex Roles 18 (9-10): 595-609.
Brown, Mary Ellen
1986 "The politics of soaps: Pleasure and feminine
empowerment." Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 4
Brown, Mary Ellen, ed.
1990 Television and Women's Culture: The Politics of the
Popular. London: Sage.
1983 "CROSSROADS: Notes on soap opera," in Regarding
Television: A Critical Anthology, E. Ann Kaplan, ed.
Los Angeles, California: American Film Institute.
Brunsdon, Charlotte, ed.
1986 Films for Women. London: British Film Institute.
Burstyn, Varda, ed.
1985 Women Against Censorship. Vancouver and Toronto:
Douglas & McIntyre.
1975 "Sex role research on the mass media." Journal of
Communication 25: 107-131.
Butler, Matilda and William Paisley
1980 Women and the Mass Media: Sourcebook for Research and
Action. New York: Human Sciences Press.
1986 "Reading feminine discourse: Prime-time television in
the U.S." Communications (Autumn, special issue re
gender and television).
Canada, National Film Board (NFB)
1991 Beyond The Image: Films and Videos about Women's
Culture, Politics and Values. Ottawa: NFB.
Canadian Advertising Advisory Board
1977 Women and Advertising: Today's Messages - Yesterday's
Images? Toronto: Report of the Task Force on Women and
Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB)
1987a RE: CRTC Public Notice 1986-351. Policy on Sex-Role
Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media. Ottawa: Canadian
Association of Broadcasters.
1987b Voluntary Code Regarding Sex-Role Portrayal in
Television Programming. Ottawa: Canadian Association
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)
1987 Trends in the Portrayal of People on CBC Television,
1977- 1987. Erin, Ontario: Erin Research.
1984 Portrayal of Women in Programming: Summary Report on
the Action Taken by the CBC on the Report of the Task
Force on Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media.
1982 The Presence, Role and Image of Women in Prime Time on
the English Television Network of the CBC. Ottawa:
1975 Women in the CBC. Ottawa: CBC.
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
1990 The Portrayal of Gender in Canadian Broadcasting:
Summary Report, 1984-88. Ottawa: Supply and Services.
1986a Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media: A Report
on Industry Self-Regulation. Ottawa: Supply and
1986b Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media: CRTC
Policy Statement. Ottawa: Supply and Services.
1985 The Portrayal of Sex Roles in Programming and
Advertising in Canadian Television and Radio: Summary
Report. Ottawa: Supply and Services.
1982 Images of Women: Report of the Task Force on Sex-Role
Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media. Ottawa: Supply
Cantor, Muriel G.
1977 "Women and public broadcasting." Journal of
Communication 27: 14-19.
Cavanagh, Richard P.
1992 "But can she play in the NHL? A critical analysis of
television sport," pp. 243-257 in Critical Studies of
Canadian Mass Media, Marc Grenier, ed. Toronto:
Courtney, Alice E. and Thomas W. Whipple
1983 Sex Stereotyping in Advertising. Lexington,
Massachusetts: Lexington Books.
1974 "Women in TV commercials." Journal of Communication
1977 "Women, representation and the image." Screen
Education 23 (Summer): 15-23.
Craig, Steve, ed.
1992 Men, Masculinity and the Media. Newbury Park,
1987 "Piecing the picture together: Women and the media in
Canada." Canadian Woman Studies 8:1 (Spring): 15-21.
1985 Newsworthy: The Lives of Media Women. Toronto:
Creedon, Pamela J., ed.
1989 Women in Mass Communication: Challenging Gender Values.
Newbury Park, California: Sage.
Dambrot, F.H. et al
1988 "Television sex roles in the 1980s: Do viewers' sex and
sex-role orientations change the picture?" Sex Roles
19 (5-6): 387-401.
1979 "The portrayal of women in prime time, 1953-1977." Sex
Roles 5 (4): 405-411.
Endres, Kathleen L.
1984 "Sex role standards in popular music." Journal of
Popular Culture 18: 9-17.
1984 "Ideal images and real roles." Dissent 31: 441-447.
1982 Forever Feminine: Women's Magazines and the Cult of
Femininity. London: Heinemann.
1987 Television Culture, esp. Chaps. 10 and 11. London:
Flora, Cornelia Butler
1979 "Changes in women's status in women's magazine fiction:
Differences by social class." Social Problems 26:
Foss, Karen A. and Sonja K. Foss
1983 "The status of research on women and communication."
Communication Quarterly 31: 195-204.
1988 Plotting Women: Gender and Representation in Mexico.
1992 "Teenage girls reading JACKIE," pp. 182-200 in Culture
and Power, Paddy Scannell et al, eds. London: Sage.
1987 "Women and representation: Can we enjoy alternative
pleasure?" in American Media and Mass Culture: Left
Perspectives, Donald Lazere, ed. Berkeley: University
of California Press.
1979 The Portrayal and Participation of Women in the Media.
Gelfman, Judith S.
1976 Women in Television News. New York: Columbia
1989 "REAL Women and the press: An ideological alliance of
convenience." Canadian Journal of Communication 14
1980 "The double day in a mass magazine." Women's Studies
International Quarterly 3: 69-73.
Gledhill, Christine, ed.
1987 Home is Where the Heart Is: Studies in Melodrama and
the Woman's Film. London: British Film Institute.
1970 Gender Advertisements. New York: Harper and Row.
Hachey, Linda and Marc Grenier
1992 "The attribution of causality in Lepine murder news,"
pp. 213-241 in Critical Studies of Canadian Mass Media,
Marc Grenier, ed. Toronto: Butterworths.
Harris, Debbie Wise
1991 "Colonizing Mohawk women: Representation of women in
the mainstream media." Resources for Feminist Research
20: 1 & 2 (Spring/Summer): 15-20.
1992 "From Chicago 1966 to Montreal 1989: Notes on new(s)
paradigms of women as victims," pp. 201-212 in Critical
Studies of Canadian Mass Media, Marc Grenier, ed.
1982 CROSSROADS: The Drama of a Soap Opera. London:
1980 "Housewives and the mass media," in Culture, Media,
Language, Stuart Hall et al, eds. London: Hutchinson.
1977 "Research on sex roles in the mass media: Toward a
critical approach." The Insurgent Sociologist 7:
1990 "Women and the media in Canada: A question of cultural
authority," pp. 73-81 in Women and Power: Canadian and
German Experiences, Gertrude Joch Robinson and D. Sixt,
eds. Montreal: McGill Studies in Communications/Goethe
Kalisch, Philip A. and Beatrice J. Kalisch
1984 "Sex-role stereotyping of nurses and physicians on
prime-time television: A dichotomy of occupational
portrayals." Sex Roles 10: 533-553.
Kaplan, E. Ann
1983 Women and Film: Both Sides of the Camera. London:
King, J. and M. Scott, eds.
1977 Is This Your Life? Images of Women in the Mass Media.
1992 "Women as audience: The experience of unwaged women of
the performing arts," pp. 239-255 in Culture and Power,
Paddy Scannell et al, eds. London: Sage.
1988 Cinema, Censorship and Sexuality, 1909-1925. London
and New York: Routledge.
1985 The Power of the Image: Essays on Representation and
Sexuality. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
1984 "Women's genres." Screen 25 (1): 18-28.
1982 Women's Pictures: Feminism and Cinema. London:
Routledge & Kegan Paul.
1988 "Viewers' interpretations of soap opera: The role of
gender, power and morality," pp. 83-107 in Television
and Its Audience: International Research Perspectives,
Phillip Drummond and Richard Paterson, eds. London:
British Film Institute.
1987 Constructing Women and Men: Gender Socialization, esp.
Chapter 6. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
1991 "A word from the press: A brief survey of feminist
publishing." Resources for Feminist Research 20: 1 & 2
1986a "Women and the cultural industries," pp. 63-81 in
Media, Culture and Society, Richard Collins et al,
eds. Beverly Hills, California: Sage.
1986b Women, Media and Crisis: Femininity and Disorder.
1979 "Notes on 'modernity': A way of reading women's
magazines," pp. 158-170 in Communication and Class
Struggle, Volume 1, Armand Mattelart and Seth
Siegelaub, eds. New York: International General.
1990 The Woman at the Keyhole: Feminism and Women's Cinema.
Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
1993 "Gender, media and the polls." Toronto: York
University, Institute for Social Research Publication
1990 The Casting Couch and Other Front Row Seats: Women in
Films of the 1970s and 1980s. New York: Praeger.
McPhail, Thomas, Jean McNeil, and Brenda M. McPhail
1975 "Feminism, femininity and the television series."
Journal of Broadcasting 19: 259-269.
1992 A Good Day to be Female? A Three-Year Overview of
Sexism in Canadian Newspapers. Toronto: MediaWatch.
1991 Media Directory of Women: A Resource for Broadcast and
Print Journalists. Toronto: MediaWatch.
1983 Ladies of the Evening: Women Characters of Prime Time
Television. London: Methuen.
Mellancamp, Patricia, ed.
1990a Indiscretions: Avant-Garde Film, Video and Feminism.
Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
1990b Logics of Television: Essays in Cultural Criticism.
Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
1979 "Sexism in the media," in Media, Politics and Culture,
C. Gardner, ed. London: Macmillan.
1975 "The content of news photos: Women's and men's roles."
Journalism Quarterly 52 (Spring): 68-73.
1975 Images of Women: Advertising in Women's Magazines.
London: Chatto and Windus.
1983 "The rhythms of reception: Daytime television and
women's work," in Regarding Television: A Critical
Anthology, E. Ann Kaplan, ed. Los Angeles, California:
American Film Institute.
1982 Loving With a Vengeance: Mass-Produced Fantasies for
Women. New York: Methuen.
1980 "The disappearing act: A study of Harlequin Romances."
Signs 5: 435-448.
1986 Family Television: Cultural Power and Domestic Leisure.
1987 "Media influence on the socialization of teenage
girls," pp. 202-217 in Impacts and Influences: Essays
on Media Power in the Twentieth Century, James Curran
et al, eds. London and New York: Methuen.
Pearson, Judy C.
1985 Gender and Communication. Dubuque, Iowa: William C.
Peevers, Barbara Hollands
1979 "Androgyny on the TV screen? An analysis of sex role
portrayal." Sex Roles 5: 797-809.
Press, Andrea Lee
1991 Women Watching Television: Gender, Class, and
Generation in the American Television Experience.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Pribram, E. Deidre, ed.
1988 Female Spectators: Looking at Film and Television.
1989 "TV's local: The exigency of gender in media research."
Canadian Journal of Communication 14 (Summer): 29-41.
Putnam, Linda L.
1982 "In search of gender: A critique of communication and
sex- roles research." Women's Studies in Communication
1984 Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular
Literature. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of
North Carolina Press.
1989 "Advertising, photojournalism, cinema: The shifting
rhetoric of forties female representation." Quarterly
Review of Film and Video 11: 1-21.
Robinson, Gertrude Joch
1992a "Women and the media in Canada: A progress report,"
pp. 260-269 in Seeing Ourselves: Media Power and
Policy in Canada, Helen Holmes and David Taras, eds.
Toronto: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
1992b "Women and the media in Canada: Our own reflections,"
in Mass Media and Canadian Identity. Toronto: Holt,
Rinehart and Winston.
1983 "The media and social change: Thirty years of magazine
coverage of women and work." Atlantis 8:2 (Spring):
1978 "Women, media access and social control," pp. 37-42 in
Women and the News, L. Keir Epstein, ed. New York:
1977 "The future of women in the Canadian media." McGill
Journal of Education 12:1 (Spring).
Robinson, Gertrude Joch and Armande Saint-Jean
1991 "Women politicians and their media coverage: A
generational analysis," pp. 127-169 in Women in
Canadian Politics: Toward Equity in Representation,
Kathy Megyery, ed. (Royal Commission on Electoral
Reform and Party Financing, Research Studies, Volume
6). Toronto and Oxford: Dundurn Press. (reprinted in
1990 "Les femmes et l'information: Une perspective
quebecoise," in Women and Power: Canadian and German
Experiences, Gertrude Joch Robinson and D. Sixt, eds.
Montreal: McGill Studies in Communications/Goethe
Sanderson, Samantha and Rose Potvin
1987 Adjusting the Image: Women and Canadian Broadcasting.
Ottawa: National Watch on Images of Women in the Media.
1987 "Canada's Studio D: A women's room with an
international reputation." Canadian Woman Studies 8:1
(Spring): 24-27. (special issue re "Women and Media")
Schlesinger, Philip et al
1992 Women Viewing Violence. London: British Film
Seiter, Ellen et al
1989 "Don't treat us like we're so stupid and naive: Toward
an ethnography of soap opera viewers," pp. 223-247 in
Remote Control: Television, Audiences, and Cultural
Power, Ellen Seiter et al, eds. London and New York:
1989 Women and Print Culture: The Construction of Femininity
in the Early Periodical. London and New York:
1988 The Acoustic Mirror: The Female Voice in Psychoanalysis
and Cinema. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University
Soothill, Keith and Sylvia Walby
1991 Sex Crime in the News. London and New York: Routledge.
1990 What's Wrong With This Picture? The Status of Women on
Screen and Behind the Camera in Entertainment TV.
Washington, D.C.: National Commission of Working Women
on Wider Opportunities for Women.
1984 Women and Advertising. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
Strutt, Suzanne and Lynne Hissey
1992 "Feminisms and balance." Canadian Journal of
Communication 17:1 (Winter): 61-74.
Sullivan, G.L. and P.J. O'Connor
1988 "Women's role portrayals in magazine advertising: 1958-
1983." Sex Roles 18: 181-188.
Toronto Women in Film and Video
1991 Changing Focus: The Future for Women in the Canadian
Film and Television Industry. Toronto: Foundation for
Toronto Women in Film and Video.
Toronto Women in Film and Video (with Peat Marwick,
Stevenson & Kellogg)
1990 A Statistical Profile of Women in the Canadian Film and
Television Industry: Project Report. Toronto:
Foundation for Toronto Women in Film and Video.
Trimble, Linda Jean
1992 "Coming soon to a station near you? The CRTC policy on
sex-role stereotyping," pp. 135-154 in Seeing
Ourselves: Media Power and Policy in Canada, Helen
Holmes and David Taras, eds. Toronto: Harcourt Brace
1979 "Women's depiction by the mass media." Signs 4:
Tuchman, Gaye et al, eds.
1978 Hearth and Home: Images of Women in the Mass Media.
New York: Oxford University Press.
1979 Mass Media: The Image, Role and Social Conditions of
Women. Paris: Reports and Papers on Mass
1987 "The co-optation of feminism: Three media strategies."
Canadian Woman Studies 8:1 (Spring): 60-64. (special
issue re "Women and Media")
van Zoonen, Elisabeth
1992 "The women's movement and the media: Constructing a
public identity." European Journal of Communication
7:4 (December): 453-476.
Verna, Mary Ellen
1975 "The female image in children's television
commercials." Journal of Broadcasting 19: 301-309.
1977 "The image of women in mass circulating magazines in
the 1920s," pp. 116-124 in The Neglected Majority,
Susan Mann Trofimenkoff and Alison Prentice, eds.
Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.
1978 Decoding Advertisements. London: Marion Boyars.
1979 "Sexuality for sale," in Culture, Media, Language,
Stuart Hall et al, eds. London: Hutchinson.