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Section IV: Sources and Resources
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The Electronic Journal of Communication / La Revue Electronique de Communication

                   SECTION IV: SOURCES AND RESOURCES


Compiled by Debra Clarke
            Trent University

The following is a partial list of works in the general area of
"Women and Media."

Alliance of Canadian Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA)
1986 Gender Portrayal in CTV Network News and Information
     Programming.  Erin, Ontario: Erin Research.

Anderson, Judith
1973 "Sexual politics: chauvinism and backlash?"
     Communication Quarterly 21 (Fall): 11-16.

Ang, Ien
1985 Watching DALLAS: Soap Opera and the Melodramatic
     Imagination.  London: Methuen.

Bacon-Smith, Camille
1992 Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation
     of Popular Myth.  Philadelphia: University of
     Pennsylvania Press.

Baehr, Helen
1980 "The liberated woman in television drama."  Women's
     Studies International Quarterly 3: 29-39.

Baehr, Helen and Gillian Dyer, eds.
1987 Boxed In: Women and Television.  London: Pandora Press.

Barbatsis, Gretchen S., Martin R. Wong and Gregory M. Herek
1983 "A struggle for dominance: Relational communication
     patterns in television drama."  Communication Quarterly
     31: 148-155.

Brannigan, Augustine
1991 "Is pornography criminogenic?  The career of a moral
     problem," pp. 322-343 in Communications in Canadian
     Society (third edition), Benjamin D. Singer, ed.
     Scarborough, Ontario: Nelson Canada.

Bredin, Marian
1991 "Feminist cultural politics: Women in community radio
     in Canada."  Resources for Feminist Research 20: 1 & 2
     (Spring/Summer): 36-41.  (special issue re
     "Communications")

Bretl, D.J. and J. Cantor
1988 "The portrayal of men and women in U.S. television
     commercials: A recent content analysis and trends over
     fifteen years."  Sex Roles 18 (9-10): 595-609.

Brown, Mary Ellen
1986 "The politics of soaps: Pleasure and feminine
     empowerment."  Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 4
     (2): 1-25.

Brown, Mary Ellen, ed.
1990 Television and Women's Culture: The Politics of the
     Popular.  London: Sage.

Brunsdon, Charlotte
1983 "CROSSROADS: Notes on soap opera," in Regarding
     Television: A Critical Anthology, E. Ann Kaplan, ed.
     Los Angeles, California: American Film Institute.

Brunsdon, Charlotte, ed.
1986 Films for Women.  London: British Film Institute.

Burstyn, Varda, ed.
1985 Women Against Censorship.  Vancouver and Toronto:
     Douglas & McIntyre.

Busby, Linda
1975 "Sex role research on the mass media."  Journal of
     Communication 25: 107-131.

Butler, Matilda and William Paisley
1980 Women and the Mass Media: Sourcebook for Research and
     Action.  New York: Human Sciences Press.

Byars, Jackie
1986 "Reading feminine discourse: Prime-time television in
     the U.S."  Communications (Autumn, special issue re
     gender and television).

Canada, National Film Board (NFB)
1991 Beyond The Image: Films and Videos about Women's
     Culture, Politics and Values.  Ottawa: NFB.

Canadian Advertising Advisory Board
1977 Women and Advertising: Today's Messages - Yesterday's
     Images?  Toronto: Report of the Task Force on Women and
     Advertising.

Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB)
1987a RE: CRTC Public Notice 1986-351.  Policy on Sex-Role
      Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media.  Ottawa: Canadian
      Association of Broadcasters.

1987b Voluntary Code Regarding Sex-Role Portrayal in
      Television Programming.  Ottawa: Canadian Association
      of Broadcasters.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)
1987 Trends in the Portrayal of People on CBC Television,
     1977- 1987.  Erin, Ontario: Erin Research.

1984 Portrayal of Women in Programming: Summary Report on
     the Action Taken by the CBC on the Report of the Task
     Force on Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media.
     Ottawa: CBC.

1982 The Presence, Role and Image of Women in Prime Time on
     the English Television Network of the CBC.  Ottawa:
     CBC.

1975 Women in the CBC.  Ottawa: CBC.

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
(CRTC)
1990 The Portrayal of Gender in Canadian Broadcasting:
     Summary Report, 1984-88.  Ottawa: Supply and Services.

1986a Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media: A Report
      on Industry Self-Regulation.  Ottawa: Supply and
      Services.

1986b Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media: CRTC
      Policy Statement.  Ottawa: Supply and Services.

1985 The Portrayal of Sex Roles in Programming and
     Advertising in Canadian Television and Radio: Summary
     Report.  Ottawa: Supply and Services.

1982 Images of Women: Report of the Task Force on Sex-Role
     Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media.  Ottawa: Supply
     and Services.

Cantor, Muriel G.
1977 "Women and public broadcasting."  Journal of
     Communication 27: 14-19.

Cavanagh, Richard P.
1992 "But can she play in the NHL?  A critical analysis of
     television sport," pp. 243-257 in Critical Studies of
     Canadian Mass Media, Marc Grenier, ed.  Toronto:
     Butterworths.

Courtney, Alice E. and Thomas W. Whipple
1983 Sex Stereotyping in Advertising.  Lexington,
     Massachusetts: Lexington Books.

1974 "Women in TV commercials."  Journal of Communication
     24: 110-118.

Cowie, Evelyn
1977 "Women, representation and the image."  Screen
     Education 23 (Summer): 15-23.

Craig, Steve, ed.
1992 Men, Masculinity and the Media.  Newbury Park,
     California: Sage.

Crean, Susan
1987 "Piecing the picture together: Women and the media in
     Canada."  Canadian Woman Studies 8:1 (Spring): 15-21.

1985 Newsworthy: The Lives of Media Women.  Toronto:
     Stoddart.

Creedon, Pamela J., ed.
1989 Women in Mass Communication: Challenging Gender Values.
     Newbury Park, California: Sage.

Dambrot, F.H. et al
1988 "Television sex roles in the 1980s: Do viewers' sex and
     sex-role orientations change the picture?"  Sex Roles
     19 (5-6): 387-401.

Dominick, J.R.
1979 "The portrayal of women in prime time, 1953-1977."  Sex
     Roles 5 (4): 405-411.

Endres, Kathleen L.
1984 "Sex role standards in popular music."  Journal of
     Popular Culture 18: 9-17.

Epstein, C.F.
1984 "Ideal images and real roles."  Dissent 31: 441-447.

Ferguson, Marjorie
1982 Forever Feminine: Women's Magazines and the Cult of
     Femininity.  London: Heinemann.

Fiske, John
1987 Television Culture, esp.  Chaps. 10 and 11.  London:
     Methuen.

Flora, Cornelia Butler
1979 "Changes in women's status in women's magazine fiction:
     Differences by social class."  Social Problems 26:
     558-569.

Foss, Karen A. and Sonja K. Foss
1983 "The status of research on women and communication."
     Communication Quarterly 31: 195-204.

Franco, Jean
1988 Plotting Women: Gender and Representation in Mexico.

Frazer, Elizabeth
1992 "Teenage girls reading JACKIE," pp. 182-200 in Culture
     and Power, Paddy Scannell et al, eds.  London: Sage.

Gaines, Jane
1987 "Women and representation: Can we enjoy alternative
     pleasure?" in American Media and Mass Culture: Left
     Perspectives, Donald Lazere, ed.  Berkeley: University
     of California Press.

Gallagher, Margaret
1979 The Portrayal and Participation of Women in the Media.
     Paris: UNESCO.

Gelfman, Judith S.
1976 Women in Television News.  New York: Columbia
     University Press.

Gill, Donna
1989 "REAL Women and the press: An ideological alliance of
     convenience."  Canadian Journal of Communication 14
     (Summer): 1-16.

Glazer, Nathan
1980 "The double day in a mass magazine."  Women's Studies
     International Quarterly 3: 69-73.

Gledhill, Christine, ed.
1987 Home is Where the Heart Is: Studies in Melodrama and
     the Woman's Film.  London: British Film Institute.

Goffman, Erving
1970 Gender Advertisements.  New York: Harper and Row.

Hachey, Linda and Marc Grenier
1992 "The attribution of causality in Lepine murder news,"
     pp. 213-241 in Critical Studies of Canadian Mass Media,
     Marc Grenier, ed.  Toronto: Butterworths.

Harris, Debbie Wise
1991 "Colonizing Mohawk women: Representation of women in
     the mainstream media."  Resources for Feminist Research
     20: 1 & 2 (Spring/Summer): 15-20.

Hayford, Alison
1992 "From Chicago 1966 to Montreal 1989: Notes on new(s)
     paradigms of women as victims," pp. 201-212 in Critical
     Studies of Canadian Mass Media, Marc Grenier, ed.
     Toronto: Butterworths.

Hobson, Dorothy
1982 CROSSROADS: The Drama of a Soap Opera.  London:
     Methuen.

1980 "Housewives and the mass media," in Culture, Media,
     Language, Stuart Hall et al, eds.  London: Hutchinson.

Janus, Norene
1977 "Research on sex roles in the mass media: Toward a
     critical approach."  The Insurgent Sociologist 7:
     19-31.

Jeffrey, Liss
1990 "Women and the media in Canada: A question of cultural
     authority," pp. 73-81 in Women and Power: Canadian and
     German Experiences, Gertrude Joch Robinson and D. Sixt,
     eds.  Montreal: McGill Studies in Communications/Goethe
     Institut.

Kalisch, Philip A. and Beatrice J. Kalisch
1984 "Sex-role stereotyping of nurses and physicians on
     prime-time television: A dichotomy of occupational
     portrayals."  Sex Roles 10: 533-553.

Kaplan, E. Ann
1983 Women and Film: Both Sides of the Camera.  London:
     Methuen.

King, J. and M. Scott, eds.
1977 Is This Your Life?  Images of Women in the Mass Media.
     London: Virago.

Kippax, Susan
1992 "Women as audience: The experience of unwaged women of
     the performing arts," pp. 239-255 in Culture and Power,
     Paddy Scannell et al, eds.  London: Sage.

Kuhn, Annette
1988 Cinema, Censorship and Sexuality, 1909-1925.  London
     and New York: Routledge.

1985 The Power of the Image: Essays on Representation and
     Sexuality.  London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

1984 "Women's genres."  Screen 25 (1): 18-28.

1982 Women's Pictures: Feminism and Cinema.  London:
     Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Livingstone, Sonia
1988 "Viewers' interpretations of soap opera: The role of
     gender, power and morality," pp. 83-107 in Television
     and Its Audience: International Research Perspectives,
     Phillip Drummond and Richard Paterson, eds.  London:
     British Film Institute.

Mackie, Marlene
1987 Constructing Women and Men: Gender Socialization, esp.
     Chapter 6. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Masters, Philinda
1991 "A word from the press: A brief survey of feminist
     publishing."  Resources for Feminist Research 20: 1 & 2
     (Spring/Summer): 27-35.

Mattelart, Michele
1986a "Women and the cultural industries," pp. 63-81 in
      Media, Culture and Society, Richard Collins et al,
      eds. Beverly Hills, California: Sage.

1986b Women, Media and Crisis: Femininity and Disorder.
      London: Comedia.

1979 "Notes on 'modernity': A way of reading women's
     magazines," pp. 158-170 in Communication and Class
     Struggle, Volume 1, Armand Mattelart and Seth
     Siegelaub, eds.  New York: International General.

Mayne, Judith
1990 The Woman at the Keyhole: Feminism and Women's Cinema.
     Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

McCormack, Thelma
1993 "Gender, media and the polls."  Toronto: York
     University, Institute for Social Research Publication
     Series (Winter).

McCreadie, Marsha
1990 The Casting Couch and Other Front Row Seats: Women in
     Films of the 1970s and 1980s.  New York: Praeger.

McPhail, Thomas, Jean McNeil, and Brenda M. McPhail
1975 "Feminism, femininity and the television series."
     Journal of Broadcasting 19: 259-269.

MediaWatch
1992 A Good Day to be Female?  A Three-Year Overview of
     Sexism in Canadian Newspapers.  Toronto: MediaWatch.

1991 Media Directory of Women: A Resource for Broadcast and
     Print Journalists.  Toronto: MediaWatch.

Meehan, Diana
1983 Ladies of the Evening: Women Characters of Prime Time
     Television.  London: Methuen.

Mellancamp, Patricia, ed.
1990a Indiscretions: Avant-Garde Film, Video and Feminism.
     Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

1990b Logics of Television: Essays in Cultural Criticism.
     Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Merck, M.
1979 "Sexism in the media," in Media, Politics and Culture,
     C. Gardner, ed.  London: Macmillan.

Miller, Susan
1975 "The content of news photos: Women's and men's roles."
     Journalism Quarterly 52 (Spring): 68-73.

Millum, Trevor
1975 Images of Women: Advertising in Women's Magazines.
     London: Chatto and Windus.

Modleski, Tania
1983 "The rhythms of reception: Daytime television and
     women's work," in Regarding Television: A Critical
     Anthology, E. Ann Kaplan, ed.  Los Angeles, California:
     American Film Institute.

1982 Loving With a Vengeance: Mass-Produced Fantasies for
     Women.  New York: Methuen.

1980 "The disappearing act: A study of Harlequin Romances."
     Signs 5: 435-448.

Morley, David
1986 Family Television: Cultural Power and Domestic Leisure.
     London: Comedia.

Murphy, Gillian
1987 "Media influence on the socialization of teenage
     girls," pp. 202-217 in Impacts and Influences: Essays
     on Media Power in the Twentieth Century, James Curran
     et al, eds.  London and New York: Methuen.

Pearson, Judy C.
1985 Gender and Communication.  Dubuque, Iowa: William C.
     Brown Publishers.

Peevers, Barbara Hollands
1979 "Androgyny on the TV screen?  An analysis of sex role
     portrayal."  Sex Roles 5: 797-809.

Press, Andrea Lee
1991 Women Watching Television: Gender, Class, and
     Generation in the American Television Experience.
     Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Pribram, E. Deidre, ed.
1988 Female Spectators: Looking at Film and Television.
     London: Verso.

Probyn, Elspeth
1989 "TV's local: The exigency of gender in media research."
     Canadian Journal of Communication 14 (Summer): 29-41.

Putnam, Linda L.
1982 "In search of gender: A critique of communication and
     sex- roles research."  Women's Studies in Communication
     5: 1-9.

Radway, Janice
1984 Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular
     Literature.  Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of
     North Carolina Press.

Renov, M.
1989 "Advertising, photojournalism, cinema: The shifting
     rhetoric of forties female representation."  Quarterly
     Review of Film and Video 11: 1-21.

Robinson, Gertrude Joch
1992a "Women and the media in Canada: A progress report,"
      pp. 260-269 in Seeing Ourselves: Media Power and
      Policy in Canada, Helen Holmes and David Taras, eds.
      Toronto: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

1992b "Women and the media in Canada: Our own reflections,"
      in Mass Media and Canadian Identity.  Toronto: Holt,
      Rinehart and Winston.

1983 "The media and social change: Thirty years of magazine
     coverage of women and work."  Atlantis 8:2 (Spring):
     87-111.

1978 "Women, media access and social control," pp. 37-42 in
     Women and the News, L. Keir Epstein, ed.  New York:
     Hastinghouse.

1977 "The future of women in the Canadian media."  McGill
     Journal of Education 12:1 (Spring).

Robinson, Gertrude Joch and Armande Saint-Jean
1991 "Women politicians and their media coverage: A
     generational analysis," pp. 127-169 in Women in
     Canadian Politics: Toward Equity in Representation,
     Kathy Megyery, ed.  (Royal Commission on Electoral
     Reform and Party Financing, Research Studies, Volume
     6).  Toronto and Oxford: Dundurn Press.  (reprinted in
     this issue)

Saint-Jean, Armande
1990 "Les femmes et l'information: Une perspective
     quebecoise," in Women and Power: Canadian and German
     Experiences, Gertrude Joch Robinson and D. Sixt, eds.
     Montreal: McGill Studies in Communications/Goethe
     Institut.

Sanderson, Samantha and Rose Potvin
1987 Adjusting the Image: Women and Canadian Broadcasting.
     Ottawa: National Watch on Images of Women in the Media.

Scherbarth, Chris
1987 "Canada's Studio D: A women's room with an
     international reputation."  Canadian Woman Studies 8:1
     (Spring): 24-27.  (special issue re "Women and Media")

Schlesinger, Philip et al
1992 Women Viewing Violence.  London: British Film
     Institute.

Seiter, Ellen et al
1989 "Don't treat us like we're so stupid and naive: Toward
     an ethnography of soap opera viewers," pp. 223-247 in
     Remote Control: Television, Audiences, and Cultural
     Power, Ellen Seiter et al, eds.  London and New York:
     Routledge.

Shevelow, Kathryn
1989 Women and Print Culture: The Construction of Femininity
     in the Early Periodical.  London and New York:
     Routledge.

Silverman, Kaja
1988 The Acoustic Mirror: The Female Voice in Psychoanalysis
     and Cinema.  Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University
     Press.

Soothill, Keith and Sylvia Walby
1991 Sex Crime in the News.  London and New York: Routledge.

Steenland, Sally
1990 What's Wrong With This Picture?  The Status of Women on
     Screen and Behind the Camera in Entertainment TV.
     Washington, D.C.: National Commission of Working Women
     on Wider Opportunities for Women.

Straiton, John
1984 Women and Advertising.  Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Strutt, Suzanne and Lynne Hissey
1992 "Feminisms and balance."  Canadian Journal of
     Communication 17:1 (Winter): 61-74.

Sullivan, G.L. and P.J.  O'Connor
1988 "Women's role portrayals in magazine advertising: 1958-
     1983."  Sex Roles 18: 181-188.

Toronto Women in Film and Video
1991 Changing Focus: The Future for Women in the Canadian
     Film and Television Industry.  Toronto: Foundation for
     Toronto Women in Film and Video.

Toronto Women in Film and Video (with Peat Marwick,
Stevenson & Kellogg)
1990 A Statistical Profile of Women in the Canadian Film and
     Television Industry: Project Report.  Toronto:
     Foundation for Toronto Women in Film and Video.

Trimble, Linda Jean
1992 "Coming soon to a station near you?  The CRTC policy on
     sex-role stereotyping," pp. 135-154 in Seeing
     Ourselves: Media Power and Policy in Canada, Helen
     Holmes and David Taras, eds.  Toronto: Harcourt Brace
     Jovanovich.

Tuchman, Gaye
1979 "Women's depiction by the mass media."  Signs 4:
     428-442.

Tuchman, Gaye et al, eds.
1978 Hearth and Home: Images of Women in the Mass Media.
     New York: Oxford University Press.

UNESCO
1979 Mass Media: The Image, Role and Social Conditions of
     Women.  Paris: Reports and Papers on Mass
     Communication.

Valverde, Mariana
1987 "The co-optation of feminism: Three media strategies."
     Canadian Woman Studies 8:1 (Spring): 60-64.  (special
     issue re "Women and Media")

van Zoonen, Elisabeth
1992 "The women's movement and the media: Constructing a
     public identity."  European Journal of Communication
     7:4 (December): 453-476.

Verna, Mary Ellen
1975 "The female image in children's television
     commercials."  Journal of Broadcasting 19: 301-309.

Vipond, Marlene
1977 "The image of women in mass circulating magazines in
     the 1920s," pp. 116-124 in The Neglected Majority,
     Susan Mann Trofimenkoff and Alison Prentice, eds.
     Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.

Williamson, Judith
1978 Decoding Advertisements.  London: Marion Boyars.

Winship, Janice
1979 "Sexuality for sale," in Culture, Media, Language,
     Stuart Hall et al, eds.  London: Hutchinson.