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Selective Bibliography on Ethnic Minorities, Racism and the Mass Media
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The Electronic Journal of Communication / La Revue Electronique de Communication
***** VANDIJK2 ********* EJC/REC Vol. 5, No. 2&3, 1995 *****

SELECTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY ON ETHNIC MINORITIES, RACISM
AND THE MASS MEDIA


Teun A. van Dijk
University of Amsterdam


Version 4.0 (April 1995)

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This selective bibliography primarily focuses on the portrayal of
ethnic minorities in the mass media, and especially in the written
press. Some references are included about the representation of
minorities in television, radio, film, and advertising. Also, only
some works are mentioned about minority media and minority
journalists. For a more detailed bibliography of Blacks in/and the
media, see the bibliography by Snorgrass & Woody (1985).

Missing references may be sent to:

Teun A. van Dijk
University of Amsterdam
Program of Discourse Studies
210 Spuistraat
1012 VT Amsterdam, the Netherlands
E-mail: teun@let.uva.nl

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Adams, S. L. (1985). Blackening the media: The state of Blacks in the
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Aguirre, A., & Bustamante, D. A. (1993). Critical Notes Regarding the
Dislocation of Chicanos by the Spanish-Language Television Industry
in the United- States. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 16(1), 121-132.

All Faiths for One Race. (1980). Read all about it. A study of race
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Allen, R. L. (1993). Conceptual models of an African-American belief
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Allen, R. L., & Bielby, W. T. (1977). Blacks' relationship with the
print media. Journalism Quarterly 54, 488-545.

American Indians and the Media. Neglect and stereotype. (1979)
Special issue of Journalism History, 6, 34-53.

American Society of Newspaper Editors (1972). Committee on minority
employment. Committee on education in journalism. ASNE on minorities.
Columbia Journalism Review 11, 51-51.

American Society of Newspaper Editors (1982). Minorities and
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Ames, J. D. (1938). Editorial treatment of lynchings. Public Opinion
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Anwar, M. (1978). Who tunes in to what? London: Commission for Racial
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Anwar, M. (1983). Ethnic minority broadcasting. London: Commission
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Anwar, M., & Shang, A. (1982). Television in a multi-racial society.
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Armstrong, G. B., Neuendorf, K. A., & Brentar, J. E. (1992). TV
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Astor, G. (1974). Minorities and the media. New York: Office of
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Atkan, M. (1981). Gastarbeiter und Massenmedien: Ghettosituation im
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Atkin, C., Greenberg, B., & McDermott, S. (1983). Television and race
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Atkin, D. (1992). An Analysis of Television Series with Minority-Lead
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Austin, E. W., & Nelson, C. L. (1993). Influences of Ethnicity,
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Bagdikian, B. H. (1968). Editorial responsibility in times of urban
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Bagley, C. (1973). Race relations and the press. Race 15, 1, 61-89.

Balon, R. E., et al., (1978) How sex and race affect perceptions of
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Baptiste, D. A. (1986). The image of the Black family portrayed by
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Baran, S. J. (1978). Dying black/Dying white: Coverage in six
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Barbrook, R. (1992). Broadcasting and National Identity in Ireland.
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Bassett, J. (1967). Watts and the need for press involvement. In P.
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Beatty-Brown, F. R. (1951). The Negro as portrayed by the St. Louis
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Becker, L. B., Kosicki, G. M., & Jones, F. (1992). Racial-Differences
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Bender, M. (1968). The Black community --Whitewashed in the news? Can
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Bennett, L. (1968). The white media. In C. V. Daly (Ed.), The media
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Berry, G. L. (1980). Television and Afro-Americans: Past legacy and
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Berry, G. L. (1988). Multicultural role portrayals on television as a
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Bertelson, A. B. (1967). Keeper of a monster. In P. L. Fisher, & R.
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Black images in the mass media (1974). Freedomways 14, 181-187.

Blanchard, E. D. (1968). The poor people and the 'White press'.
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Block, C. (1972). White backlash to Negro ads: Fact or fantasy?
Journalism Quarterly, 49, 253-262.

Bogart, L. (1972). Negro and white media exposure: New evidence.
Journalism Quarterly 49, (2), 15-21.

Bond, J. C. (1975). Media images of Black women. Freedomways 15, (1),
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Bonnafous, S. (1989). Racisme et non-racisme: etude de presse.
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Bonnafous, S. (1991). L'immigration prise aux mots. (Immigration
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Bonnafous, S., & Fiala, P. (1984). L'argumentation dans les
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Boone, B. (1967). Southern newsman and local pressure. In P. L.
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Boskin, J. (1980). Denials: The media view of dark skins and the
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Bovenkerk, F. (1978). Rasdiscriminatie bij misdaadverslaggeving in de
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Braham, P. (1982). How the media report race. In M. Gurevitch, et al.
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Brechner, J. L. (1967). Were broadcasters color blind? In P. L.
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Brown, C. (1974). The ghetto view of crime. Race Relations Reporter,
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Brune, Y. (1985). Journalisten som verklighetens dramaturg (The
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Buchholz, M. (1990). Racial References in the Texas Press, 1813-1836.
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Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., Burgoon, M., Coker, D. A., & Coker, R.
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Burgoon, M., Burgoon, J. K., & Shatzer, M. J. (1987). Ethnic
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Butterworth, E. (1966). The 1962 smallpox outbreak and the British
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Campaign Against Racism and Fascism (CARF) (1984). Race reporting:
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Carter, H. (1967). The wave beneath the froth. In P. L. Fisher, & R.
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Carter, R. E. (1950). Racial identification effects upon the news
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Caspari, G. (1982). Media performance at the inflection point.
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Chaffee, S. H., Nass, C. I., & Yang, S. M. (1990). The Bridging Role
of Television in Immigrant Political-Socialization. Human
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Chaudhary, A. G. (1979). Press portrayals of Black officials,
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Clark, C. (1969). Television and social controls: Some observation of
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Cohen, P., & Gardner, C. (Ed.). (1982). It ain't half racist mum:
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Cohen, S., & Young, J. (Eds.). (1981). The manufacture of news.
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Colle, R. D. (1968). Negro image in the mass media: A case study in
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Cottle, S. (1991). Reporting the Rushdie Affair: A Case-Study in the
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Cottle, S. (1992). "Race", racialization and the media: A review and
update of research. Sage Race Relations Abstracts, 17 (2), 3-57.

Covin, D. (1991). Black consciousness in the White media: The case of
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Critcher, C., Parker, M., & Sondhi, R. (1977). Race in the provincial
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Dalancy, V. (1943). Newspapers and the Negro. The Quill,
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Dalsimer, S. (1967). The justice of persuasion. In P. L. Fisher, & R.
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Daniel, J. L., & Allen, A. (1988). Newsmagazines, public policy, and
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Darkow, M., Eckhardt, J., Maletzke, G. (1985). Massenmedien und
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Dates, J. L., & Barlow, W. (Eds.). (1990). Split image: African
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Dates, J. L., & Gandy, O. H. (1985). How Ideological Constraints
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Davis, R. A. (1987). Television commercials and the management of
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De Mott, J. (1981). White racism in the newspaper. The Masthead
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De Mott, J., & Roberts, R. (1979). White racism, Blacks, and mass
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Delgado, M. (1972). Die Gastarbeiter in der Presse (Guestworkers in
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Demeter, J. (1986). Winter in America. Notes on media and race.
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Dines, G., & Humez, J. M. (1994). Gender, race and class in the
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Dodd, D. K., Anderson, H. T., & Foerch, B. J. (1988).
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Dodson, D. (1969). Coverage of racial problems in Milwaukee;s daily
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Dorr, A. (1982). Television and the socialization of the minority
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Downing, J. D. H. (1975). The balanced (white) view. In C. Husband
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Downing, J. D. H. (1980). The Media Machine. London: Pluto.

Downing, J. D. H. (1985). 'Coillons. . . Shryned in an Hogges Toord':
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Droge, F. W. (1967). Publizistik und Vorurteil. (Media studies and
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DuCharme, M. (1986). The coverage of Canadian immigration policy in
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Eastman, H., & Liss, M. (1980). Ethnicity and children's preferences.
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Ebel, M., & Fiala, P. (1983). Sous le consensus, la xenophobie (Under
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Elebash, C., & Rosene, J. (1982). Issues in political advertising in
a deep South gubernatorial race. Journalism Quarterly, 59, 420-423.

Entman, R. M. (1990). Modern Racism and the Images of Blacks in Local
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Entman, R. M. (1992). Blacks in the News: Television, Modern Racism
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Erickson, C. A. (1981). Hispanic Americans and the press. Journal of
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Ettema, J. S. (1990). Press Rites and Race-Relations: A Study of
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Evans, H. (1971). A positive policy. In Race and the Press. London:
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Evans, P. (1976). Publish and be damned? London: Runnymede Trust.

Faber, R. J., Meyer, T. P., & Oguinn, T. C. (1986). Diversity in the
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Fair, J. E., & Astroff, R. J. (1991). Constructing Race and Violence:
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Fedler, F. (1973). The media and minority groups: A study of adequacy
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Field, M. (1944). Color line in the news. Negro Digest, August, 71-74.

Fife, M. (1987). Promoting Racial Diversity in United-States
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Fisher, P. L., & Lowenstein, R. L. (Eds.). (1967). Race and the news
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Fitzgerald, T. K. (1991). Media and Changing Metaphors of Ethnicity
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Gandy, O. H., & Coleman, L. G. (1986). The Jackson campaign: Mass
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Gandy, O. H., & Coleman, L. G. (1986). Watch Jesse Run and Tell Me
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Gandy, O. H., Matabane, P. W., & Omachonu, J. O. (1987). Media use,
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Gearing, B. (1985). The convergence of race and crime news. Sage race
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Gilbert, B. (1968). Race coverage. ASNE Bulletin 515, 1-2, 13.

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Gordon, P. (1987). Visas and the British press. Race & Class, XXVIII,
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Graham, H. D. (1967). Crisis in print: Desegregation and the press in
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Gray, H. (1993). The Endless Slide of Difference: Critical Television
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Greenberg, B. S., & Atkin, C. (1982). Learning about minorities from
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Greenberg, B. S., Burgoon, M., Burgoon, J. K., & Korzenny, F. (1983).
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Greenberg, B. S., & Mazingo, S. L. (1976). Racial issues in mass
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Gruber, H. (1991). Antisemitismus im Mediendiskurs. Die Affare
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Guillaumin, C. (1974). Changes in inter-ethnic 'attitudes' and the
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Gutierrez, F. (1978). Making news: Media coverage of Chicanos.
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Gutierrez, F. (1978). Through Anglo Eyes: Chicanos as portrayed in te
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Hall, S. (1981). The whites of their eyes: Racist ideologies and the
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Halloran, (1974). Mass media and race: A research approach. In
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Hansen, A. (1982). Press coverage of the summer 1981 riots.
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Harris, J. T. (1978). Minority employment in daily newspapers.
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Hartmann, P., & Husband, C. (1973). The Mass Media and Racial
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Hartmann, P., & Husband, C. (1974). Racism and the mass media.
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Hartmann, P., & Husband, C. (1981). The mass media and racial
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Haws, D. (1991). Minorities in the Newsroom and Community: A
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Hedman, L. (1985). Invandrare i tystnadsspiralen (Immigrants in the
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Hinds, D. (1985). The press and the Black presence in Britain
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Hines, R. (1974). Selected press coverage of Wounded Knee. Kent
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Holland, P. (1981). The new cross fire and the popular press.
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Hollingsworth, M. (1986). The press and political dissent. London:
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Hujanen, T. (Ed.). (1984). The role of information in the realization
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In Black and White (1968). A report of the 1968 general news
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Indra, D. M. (1979). Ethnicity, social stratification and opinion
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Indra, D. M. (1979). South Asian stereotypes in the Vancouver Press:
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Indra, D. M. (1981). Women, ethnicity and the media. Canadian Ethnic
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Indra, D. M. (1982) The production and legitimation of racial and
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audiences, and the myth of the American dream. Boulder, CO: Westview
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Johnson, E. (1987). Believability of newscasters to Black television
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