Typology of Conflict
A typology approach attempts to
classify conflicts into predictable groups or patterns.
and author, discusses the types of conflicts seen by mediators and
offers a way to examine the basic causes of conflicts.
Moore claims that issues within conflicts are centered in one or
more of five arenas.
arise when information is lacking, differently interpreted or withheld.
occur when there are actual or perceived scarce resources such as
physical assets (money or other tangible things), procedural issues (how
decisions should be made) or psychological issues (who is in the wrong
erupt when people have different ways of life, deeply rooted goals or
varying criteria on how to evaluate behaviors.
prosper in environments of strong emotions, stereotypes, poor
communication and historic negative patterns.
result from structural inequities in control, ownership, power,
authority or geographic separation.
A typology of conflict is useful when
the issues in a conflict are centralized in one of the five categories.
When issue focus occurs, different responses to conflicts are
required. For example, if a
conflict is primarily a data conflict, sharing information and being
sure that each party is interpreting the facts the same way is useful.
However, if the conflict primarily is about values, sharing factual data
alone will be of little or no use.
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