EOC defined

Theoretical overview

S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G.: A research tool

Applying S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G.

Sample study

Conducting your own study

Check your understanding

Sources for this Web site

Additional readings




The following list comprises references in the text of this website.   Additional resources can be found on the next page of annotated recommended readings.  It is important to keep in mind that the citations listed were chosen as part of a study about an intercultural episode of personhood, voice and code.

Another place students should look is a very useful bibliography about the Ethnography of Communication came out in 1986:  Philipsen, G. & Carbaugh, D. (1986). A bibliography of fieldwork in the ethnography of communication. Language and Society, 15, 387-398.

Carbaugh, D. & Hastings, S. O. (1992). A role for communication theory in ethnography and cultural analysis. In Communication Theory (pp.156-164).

Carbaugh, D. (1989). Talking American: Cultural discourses on DONAHUE. Norwood: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Geertz, C. (1977). 'From the native's point of view': On the nature of anthropological understanding, In J. L. Dolgin, D. S. Kemnitzer, & D. M. Schneider (Eds.), Symbolic anthropology: A reader in the study of symbols and meanings (pp.221-237). New York: Columbia University Press.

Goodwin, M. H. (1990). He-said-she-said : talk as social organization among Black children. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Gumperz, J. J. (1962).  Types of linguistic communities.  Anthropological Linguistics, 4(1), 28-40.

Hastings, S. O.  (2001).  Social drama as a site for the communal construction and management of Asian Indian "stranger" identity.  Research on Language and Social Interaction, 34(3), 309-335.

Hastings, S. O. (1992). Symbolic constructions of identity and morality by east Indians in the United States: An ethnographic analysis. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Hymes, D. (1972). Models of the interaction of language and social life. In J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication (pp.35-71). New York: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston.

Hymes, D. (1974). Foundations in sociolinguistics: An ethnographic approach. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Jefferson, G. (1984).  Transcription notation.  In J. M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis (pp. ix-xvi).  Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Katriel, T. (1986).  Talking straight: Dugri speech in Israeli Sabra culture.   Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Milburn, T. (2000). Enacting "Puerto Rican time" in the United States. In M. J. Collier (Ed.). Constituting Cultural Difference through Discourse, The International and Intercultural Communication Annual (Volume 23). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Milburn, T. (1998).  Conversation and culture in the Puerto Rican Cultural Center: An ethnographic exploration of communicating personhood.   Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.  University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Morris, M. (1981). Saying and meaning in Puerto Rico: Some problems in the ethnography of discourse. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Philipsen, G. (1992). Speaking culturally: Explorations in social communication. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Philipsen, G. (February, 1975). Speaking 'like a man' in Teamsterville: Culture patterns of role enactment in an urban neighborhood. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 61, 13-22.

Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language, 50, 696-735.

Saville-Troike, M. (1982). The ethnography of communication: An introduction. New York: Basil Blackwell, Inc.

Schatzman, L. & Strauss, A. L. (1973). Fieldwork research: Strategies for a natural sociology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Schegloff, E. A. (1968). Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist, 70, 1075-95.

Shweder, R. A. (1991). Thinking through cultures: Expeditions in cultural psychology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Tannen, D. (1994). Talking from nine to five: How women's and men's conversational styles affect who gets heard, who gets credit, and what gets done at work. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

VanMaanen, J. (1988).  Tales of the Field: On Writing Ethnography.   Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Weider, D. L. & Pratt, S. (1990). On being a recognizable Indian among Indians. In D. Carbaugh (Ed.), Cultural communication and intercultural contact (pp.45-64). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Whorf, B. L. (1956). Language, thought, and reality. Boston: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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